President Obama and first lady Michelle Obama walk in the Inaugural Parade on Jan. 20, 2009 in Washington, DC.
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By Maya Rhodan and Joyce Lee
January 19, 2017

As President Obama‘s two terms in office come to a close, TIME is taking a look back at the most pivotal moments of his presidency.

From the day he was inaugurated in 2009 as the nation’s first African-American president, to the day Osama bin Laden was killed, up to the Supreme Court decision that made same-sex marriage the law of the land, some of the most consequential moments of the past eight years will have impacts that reach far beyond Obama’s time in office.

Relive the 10 days that defined Obama’s presidency below. Watch the full version here.


Jan. 20, 2009: Obama's First Inauguration

Obama was inaugurated as the nation’s 44th, and first African-American, president on Jan. 20, 2009. An estimated 1.8 million people attended his first inauguration.


Feb. 17, 2009: The Stimulus Bill

Days before taking office, Obama declared that “dramatic action” was need to fix the U.S. economy, and on Feb. 17, 2009 he signed the economic stimulus bill, formally known as the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act,” into law.


March 23, 2010: Obamacare Becomes Law

Obama used 22 pens to sign the health care overhaul, known as the Affordable Care Act, into law on March 23, 2010, marking the dawn of a new day for the American health care system—and the beginning Republican efforts to undo it.


May 2, 2011: Osama bin Laden Killed

An early morning raid in Pakistan by U.S. Special Forces delivered the end of a years-long effort to bring down the al-Qeada leader behind the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.


June 15, 2012: Executive Action for Young Immigrants

Though he has somtiems been referred to as the deporter-in-chief, Obama took steps to protect some immigrants from deportation through the executive action known as DACA. It would become the President’s strongest action on immigration after legislation in Congress languished.


Dec. 14, 2012: Sandy Hook Massacre

The President’s two terms were marked by gun tragedies, but none was more devastating than the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School, where 20 children, all between the ages of six and seven, were killed alongside six adults. Obama sought to use the tragedy to finally get gun control legislation passed in Congress, but ultimately failed.


July 13, 2013: George Zimmerman Verdict

After the acquittal of George Zimmerman, the Florida neighborhood watchman who shot and killed unarmed black teenager Trayvon Martin, the President seemed to find his footing on the subject of race, something he’d been criticized for not talking about seriously enough throughout the first term.


June 26, 2015: Obergefell v. Hodges

Though it was the Supreme Court that ruled that same-sex marriage was the law of the land on June 26, 2015, the road to that decision could be linked back to the shifting tune President Obama took on the issue of in same-sex marriage in the lead up to the 2012 presidential election.


Dec. 12, 2015: Paris Climate Deal Reached

The Paris Climate Agreement, adopted on Dec. 12, 2015, was a monumental multinational agreement that set out to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and roll back damage done to the environment.


Nov. 9, 2016: Donald Trump Wins

Despite all of the efforts of key officials in the Obama administration, including the President, Vice-President and First Lady, Donald J. Trump was elected to succeed Obama on Nov. 9, 2016, after running a campaign that was largely a rebuke of the past eight years. With the election of Trump, key parts of Obama’s legacy, including environmental reform and health care reform, hang in the balance.

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