They're just kids--late teens, early 20s. They mainly believe in God, country and kicking ass. About religion and patriotism they are straightforward and uncomplicated, pretty typically American. Kicking ass is a different matter. At that, a Ranger or a Delta Force soldier is a world-class expert--superbly trained, heedlessly brave, a figure set very much apart from the rest of us. In large measure, that's because his elite military status has given him something he didn't find in school or on the streets back home--that fierce pride in self, unit and mission that accrues when you are volunteering your life to be, as the recruiting slogan would have it, all that you can be.
This much is made vividly clear in Mark Bowden's powerful best seller, Black Hawk Down, which is a virtually minute-by-minute reconstruction of the helicopter and humvee incursion into Mogadishu, Somalia, in October 1993, that resulted in unacceptable American casualties and geopolitical repercussions still rumbling today. Director Ridley Scott's terrific movie adaptation is only inferentially concerned with the motives and back story Bowden provided. It also lacks a movie-star hero--a Tom Cruise or a Mel Gibson--reassuring us, simply by showing up, that everything will come out O.K. in the end.
What the film, which was written largely in cries, whispers and expletives by Ken Nolan and Steven Zaillian, stresses instead is the sheer anarchy of war: bloody, terrifying, tragic and meaningless except as a test of a fighting man's virtue. Like every other great war movie, Black Hawk Down succeeds because it becomes, almost unintentionally, an antiwar movie--or at least one that can be read that way by anyone so inclined--a relentless catalog of the many absurd and accidental ways you can die when you are ordered into harm's way.
That was especially true in Somalia in the fall of 1993. At that point, the 25,000 U.S. Marines who had brought order to the distribution of food in a starving land had been withdrawn. The U.N. peacekeeping force on the ground was essentially impotent to intervene in the clan warfare that had brought the country well over the edge of chaos. The most powerful of the clans was the Habr Gadir, led by Mohammed Farrah Aidid. It became American policy to arrest him and the clan's other leaders and subdue its "militia."
Major General William F. Garrison (played in the movie by playwright Sam Shepard) was three weeks past the deadline Washington had set for completing that task when he got solid intelligence that two Habr Gadir "Tier One Personalities" and a raft of smaller fry were meeting near the Bakhara Market in "Mog." He ordered a midafternoon assault--Delta Force troops roping down out of helicopters to make the grab, Rangers securing a perimeter around the building. The captives would then be loaded into an armored convoy and taken back to the airfield headquarters.