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The second pitfall is the "road map for peace." Its title insists that it is "performance-based," but the text reveals a timetable that is calendar based. This repeats the mistake of the catastrophic Oslo "peace process," in which Israel acquiesced to the establishment of an Arafat mini-state, without Arafat's being held to his pledges to control weaponry, crack down on terrorism and cease anti-Israel incitement. No one wanted to halt the peace train by demanding compliance. The result was a bloody wreck.
Moreover, the road map is built on simultaneity: Israel pulls back settlements and eases security measures while the Palestinians are supposed to fight terrorism. This contradicts the President's June 24 policy that Israel must make concessions, large concessions, but only after the Palestinians have made a strategic decision to end the bloodshed.
The road map might thus produce a tactical cease-fire. But that would just provide an interval of safety for Palestinian terrorists to rearm, regroup and prepare to fight later on. Publishing the road map with Arafat still clinging to power and with Abu Mazen unproved is a bad omen. By rewarding the Palestinians before Arafat is gone and by demanding Israeli concessions while the violence continues, it belies the very premise of the June 24 policy, the only policy since Oslo that has produced real progress.