AGES 3 to 5 DOES YOUR PRESCHOOLER ...
1 Seem uninterested in playing games with language sounds, such as repetition and rhyming?
2 Have trouble learning nursery rhymes, such as "Humpty Dumpty" or "Jack and Jill"?
3 Frequently mispronounce words and persist in using baby talk?
4 Fail to recognize the letters in his or her name?
5 Have difficulty remembering the names of letters, numbers or days of the week?
AGES 5 to 6 DOES YOUR KINDERGARTNER ...
1 Fail to recognize and write letters, write his or her name or use invented spelling for words?
2 Have trouble breaking spoken words into syllables, such as cowboy into cow and boy?
3 Still have trouble recognizing words that rhyme, such as cat and bat?
4 Fail to connect letters and sounds? (Ask your child: What does the letter b sound like?)
5 Fail to recognize phonemes? (Ask your child: What starts with the same sound as cat--dog, man or car?)
AGES 6 to 7 DOES YOUR FIRST-GRADER ...
1 Still have difficulty recognizing and manipulating phonemes?
2 Fail to read common one-syllable words, such as mat or top?
3 Make reading errors that suggest a failure to connect sounds and letters, such as big for goat?
4 Fail to recognize common, irregularly spelled words, such as said, where and two?
5 Complain about how hard reading is and refuse to do it?
AGE 7 AND OLDER DOES YOUR CHILD ...
1 Mispronounce long or complicated words, saying "amulium" instead of "aluminum"?
2 Confuse words that sound alike, such as tornado for volcano, or lotion for ocean?
3 Speak haltingly and overuse vague words such as stuff or things?
4 Have trouble memorizing dates, names and telephone numbers?
5 Have trouble reading small function words, such as that, an and in?
6 Guess wildly when reading multisyllabic words instead of sound them out?
7 Skip parts of words, reading conible instead of convertible, for example?
8 When reading aloud often substitute easy words for hard ones, such as car for automobile?
9 Spell terribly and have messy handwriting?
10 Have trouble completing homework or finishing tests on time?
11 Have a deep fear of reading aloud? --By Sora Song
Sources: Overcoming Dyslexia, by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.; Straight Talk About Reading, by Susan Hall and Louisa Moats