The country's last major epidemic was centered in Cheshire, Shropshire and Wales. A total of 440,000 animals were destroyed and hundreds of jobs were lost. Total cost in today's dollars, including compensation and forgone sales: $2.3 billion.
Imported animals may have brought the virus to a Breton pig farm. From there it spread to several livestock holdings in Brittany and was then apparently carried by winds to coastal sections of Normandy. The wind may also have transported the virus to Guernsey and the Isle of Wight. French officials ordered 15,000 animals destroyed.
The Balkans 1996
The disease raged across the region, with numerous confirmed cases in Macedonia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Albania and Turkey. There was no agreement over the source of the epidemic.
The virus was found on a pig farm near the port city of Hsinchu and eventually spread to more than 6,000 farms. Only swine were affected. Foot-and-mouth disease was previously diagnosed in Taiwan in 1913-1914 and 1924-1929.
Some 800 cattle were destroyed after an outbreak in Hongseong county. An emergency vaccination program and a 10-km protection zone around infected farms successfully contained the virus.
This outbreak started in northeastern Evros. At least 7,000 animals were slaughtered and the movement of livestock between provinces was banned. The export of animals from Greece to other E.U. countries, as well as to Bulgaria and Turkey, was also prohibited.
South Africa 2000
Last September the disease surfaced in Camperdown in the midlands of KwaZulu-Natal, probably transmitted from the east coast harbor town of Durban. More than 5,000 animals were destroyed, and a ban on all South African meat was imposed by 20 countries.
An outbreak at an abattoir in the country's west spread to herds in the northern Hhohho region. Roughly 1,500 infected cattle were slaughtered and an estimated 89,000 cattle and 57,000 sheep and goats were vaccinated as a precaution.