During his 14 years as president and chief executive of the National Environmental Trust, Philip Clapp fought for legislation to combat global warming. He even once called into question Vice President Al Gore's commitment to the environment because of the White House's "failure to provide any leadership on the clean-air standards and on climate changes." Prior to his time with the Trust, Clapp worked on the U.S. House Budget Committee's environmental task force, where he tried, to no avail, to get the U.S. to ratify the Kyoto treaty. It has since been adopted by most developed nations. He was 54.
• During much of the 1960s and '70s, Norman Whitfield wrote and produced more than a dozen hit songs for Motown Records and his independent label, including Marvin Gaye's "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and the Temptations' "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone." As one of Motown's most prolific and successful writers, he holds the title for penning the label's all-time best-selling single with "Grapevine." He was 67.
• When Hyman Golden co-founded the Snapple Beverage Corp. in 1972, the company took its name from one of its first products--a carbonated apple soda drink. After building its product line and name recognition in New York through pervasive "Snapple Lady" television ads and the introduction of flavored teas, the company became nationally known, earning $700 million in annual sales before being purchased by Quaker Oats Co. in 1994. Raised in Queens, N.Y., Golden earned his keep in pre-Snapple days by working as a window washer with his Romanian father and later as a business broker. He was 85.