Neil Leifer's 1965 photograph of Muhammad Ali hovering over a knocked-out Sonny Liston may be the most famous sports shot of all time, but you will not find it at "The Sports Show," a photography and new-media exhibit at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Nor will you find a single picture of the most famous athlete of the past 15 years, Tiger Woods, or of the 1980 U.S. Olympic hockey team celebrating its miracle win, or of American soccer player Brandi Chastain ripping off her shirt after clinching the 1999 World Cup. Can you really mount a worthwhile retrospective of sports photography without these iconic athletes and moments? Turns out you can. In fact, "The Sports Show" (on view through May 13) is better off for it.
When I checked out the exhibit on opening day, I expected a greatest-hits compendium of sports images. But curator David Little took a more surprising approach, choosing photographs that offer more social commentary than celebration. For example, the circa-1899 portrait of female high school students playing basketball in dresses sends the message that women, too, could participate in emerging sports. (The picture was taken by Frances Benjamin Johnston, whom LIFE magazine once called "the closest thing to an official court photographer the United States has ever had.") More than a century later, that message continues to resonate: Title IX has delivered athletic opportunities to millions of girls, but female athletes still fight for the same opportunities and recognition that boys get.
The exhibit casts a skeptical eye on the emotional energy we expend on sports. In 1970 photographer Tod Papageorge toured the country capturing fans at big events like the Iron Bowl (the Alabama-vs.-Auburn college-football rivalry) and opening day at Yankee Stadium. Some people in the crowd are goofing off, but many others appear pensive. The photographs invite the viewer to wonder what the spectators are thinking and feeling. Is their favorite team losing? Or are real-life stresses still on their minds? Papageorge bitingly called this project--a portion of which is on display in Minneapolis--American Sports, 1970, or How We Spent the War in Vietnam.
Another piece uses sarcasm to question our investment in sports. Tim Davis' video The Upstate New York Olympics reveals Davis competing in 54 mock events, such as Abandoned Building Bowling, Pond-Scum Stone Skip and Lawn Jockey Leapfrog. Davis' amusing film and Papageorge's crowd shots reminded me that fandom comes at a cost. Is this really the best use of one's time? My conclusion: you can't discount the psychological benefits of sports entertainment, whether it's the long jump or the Lawn Jockey Leapfrog.
Little highlights how advances in photography and media technology in general have altered our consumption of sports. The show begins in the early 20th century, when the great Alfred Stieglitz shot a horse race from the stands; the thoroughbreds are dots in the distance. "The Sports Show" ends with Douglas Gordon and Philippe Parreno's film Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait, which zooms in on French soccer legend Zinedine Zidane's every movement during a match. The viewer can feel his raw intensity and see the sweat gleaming on the back of his neck. The trajectory is clear: sports media started on the outskirts, and now it puts you right on the field.